- March 25, 2019
- Posted by: khawaja senan
- Category: Safety Tips
The success of a maneuver with heavy equipment is largely due to knowing how to properly operate a crane. And operators of cranes must be aware that they are entrusted with a team that they must know and know how to operate in order to do a good job. Likewise, it will be vitally important that the crane operator take the forecasts of the case to prevent accidents that can damage, not only their integrity, but also that of their coworkers.
Remember that the operation of the crane evolves like any other industry, and now, it is more important than ever to keep up with the regulations and updates on safety guidelines. This point is very important and even more so when you work with heavy machinery, there are several safety tips that you have to take into account when using a crane.
The crane operator must be qualified
Undoubtedly, this point is of vital importance, if we bear in mind that the success of the maneuver will depend to a large extent on the capacity and experience of the crane operator. This is because a wrong movement of the operator can be fatal. Also, you need to have the proper training, safety training and mentality to handle any inconvenience. Thus, once you have passed a rigorous selection to be hired, you will be the one to operate a crane properly.
Now, as a human being he can make small mistakes, but he has the duty to learn from it and then store it or forget it. In other words, it must have a short-term memory. This will help you continue your work and not get nervous. If it does not, it can make more mistakes. Therefore, you must keep your head in the game and move on.
Avoid overloading the crane
A good operator must avoid overloading the crane, as it is very dangerous and can cause serious problems, such as accidents. It should be avoided by reviewing the capacity tables that come from the manufacturer. This table will help you control the load limit, preventing overload.
Likewise, when operating a crane properly, the operator must have the ability to say no, since sometimes the bosses or project managers press for loads and cranes with cranes that are not of their capacity. This they do to speed up the work, but they do not realize that they can cause great damage to the equipment or cause an accident that harms the health of their workers.
Be aware of the general risks
Specifically, it is about being aware of what is around the work area, such as nearby buildings and power lines that may be within the area of operation. The work area can be extended further up and out, depending on the perspective of the operator according to the way in which the cranes. Since these machines must move to perform the maneuver and be on the road to buildings and power lines.
Read the loading tables
If your goal is to properly operate a crane, before turning the key and turning on the engine of any of these equipment, be sure to read and understand the capacity tables, which come with each machine. In this way they ensure that a crane is properly operated and not overloaded. Remember that each crane has a load table that, in short, specifies the detailed capacity, its characteristics and how its load capacity varies when considering the distance and angle.
For this reason it is important to pay attention to this old saying “if you can not plan, you plan to fail. That is, do not consult the load capacity table of the crane before renting or operating a crane for a specific job, you could load others or on the other hand the load may be too little for your work.
Avoid using the mobile phone
As with automobiles or cars in general, cell phones should not be used while driving. In this case, it must not be used while in the crane cabin or when the machine is being operated. Therefore, if you want to operate a crane properly you should avoid using cell phones while the equipment is operational. Turn off the mobile device, even before setting foot in the cabin. There are other ways to communicate with those who are working during operation and everyone else can wait. This point is important to avoid the risks of accidents in the operations center.
Inspect the workplace
Look around and analyze your workplace to determine if a crane can be properly operated safely. Do not start your workday if you notice something of disorder in your area, be it some type of unevenness, debris, holes and electrical lines that could cause an accident. Remember that looking around you will make you aware of the possible dangers that may exist when maneuvering heavy machinery.
Even the slightest change in the workplace can cause a change in the operation of the crane. Therefore, it is vital that before the installation or parking of the crane, you must ensure that the site is adequate to support heavy machinery and suspended loads.
Have a flexible plan
If I already know that before carrying out the work, a work plan for maneuvering or lifting with a crane has been made. But I’m sorry to tell you that, sometimes, those plans can change, so they should be flexible. In the experience that I have working, I know that things do not always go as expected; This is because there are many factors that can force us to change the plan. So you should be prepared to, at times, stop and evaluate the situation to modify the elevation plan and make it safer.
Use personal protective equipment (PPE)
To operate a crane properly, you also need to use personal protective equipment (PPE). When this equipment is put you will have more security, since you will protect your physical integrity, if in case there is an accident. Obviously all of your co-workers, too, should use the PPE. Which must be checked before starting the maneuver or lifting with cranes, by the person in charge of the work.
Inspect the Equipment
Before starting the shift of your work, you should always walk around the crane and check that there are no mechanical, electrical, structural, or hydraulic problems (MESH). You know your machine better than anyone, so you should know what you need or need. This point is important, not only to properly operate the crane, but to avoid simple operation errors. Since little by little you can avoid an incident in the workplace.
Remember that gas, oil and other liquid levels should be checked regularly to make sure they are full and ready to go. This may seem obvious, but those are the things that are not done and are overlooked more often.
Maintenance is an important factor to take into account, regardless of what type of machinery is being operated; as for example, cranes, forklifts. Both the crane operator and the inspectors must verify that the maintenance of the heavy machinery has been carried out; In addition to all emergency controls, controls, stabilizers and rails, wheels, tires and protective equipment, etc.
Test the Team
Performance tests are required to ensure that the crane is operating in the correct manner. The test should be done every three to six months or after 150 hours of use. Make sure that the employees who operate the machines know how to carry out the test and that they have their certification.
Another safety tip is to understand how to turn off the machine. If a person is not competent to use it, he may panic if he is in trouble. The operator must be able to learn how to turn off and store heavy machinery to avoid problems. The machine should be stored in a safe place to avoid accidents.