- April 1, 2019
- Posted by: khawaja senan
- Category: Heavy Equipment
Depending on the construction application, the heavy equipment will be used in different ways and will help you achieve your objectives as scheduled.
Heavy equipment can be divided into four main components:
- Equipment for earthmoving
- Construction vehicles
- Material handling
- Construction equipment
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There are many other instruments and even variations of the equipment used in construction, but those listed below are the most common used by contractors. These are some of the benefits of common equipment to move the land and how you can get the most out of them.
Equipment for Earthmoving
Excavators are large construction equipment that may be available on wheels or tracks; The last one considered the standard in the industry. A traditional excavator usually has a long bucket arm connected to a rotating cab that can rotate through 360 degrees. The operator sits in the cabin and from there can have visibility of the site. Excavators are used most of the time to dig dirt or lift heavy parts, including prefabricated parts, pipes, and other smaller equipment.
The most common uses of an excavator are:
- Material handling
- Excavation of ditches, holes, and foundations
- Cutting brush with hydraulic accessories
- Raw classification
- Heavy lifting and pipe installation
- River dredging
The backhoe loaders are very similar to the tractors with a slight difference: they contain an adjustable shovel on the front of the equipment and a small bucket on the back of the loader that is used to dig. Backhoe loaders are considered medium-sized construction equipment for smaller jobs and with limited space to perform operations.
They can move earth, fill, dig ditches and put smaller pipes in place. One of the best attributes of the backhoe loaders is that they are mounted on tires and can be used in urbanized areas and patios. The bucket on the back can be modified using different accessories that allow you to dig ditches of different widths.
Earth shovels are considered one of the strongest and most reliable heavy equipment used in the construction industry. It is a powerful and extremely heavy equipment that is used to move the earth along large tracts of open land. The earth pushers have a wide, flat blade on the front that can be operated using two hydraulic pistons that allow the blade to be moved at limited angles or depths. They are normally used to push heaps of earth and for rough/fine leveling depending on the size of the excavator. Its weight can be used to crush larger boulders, among other actions.
Skid steer loaders
Auger drill accessory
The skid steer loaders are one of the most versatile machines available in the construction industry. This team, really simple to operate, can turn inside its own footprint, like a tank, so it is ideal in confined spaces or in areas where the construction activity has been completed. The skid steer loaders have wheels and can offer greater traction, ideal in snow or mud, reduces soil compaction and its tread system prevents damage to the finished areas.
Motor graders are heavy equipment used to level and move small amounts of dirt. They have a long blade that can be adjusted to meet certain angles to create a flat surface. This equipment can usually have a second blade in front of the front axle and in some cases it can be used for underground mining. Normally they are used to level dirt roads or gravel or to prepare the base road before placing the asphalt. Levelers can be used to produce sloping surfaces or drainage ditches with shallow, V-shaped cross-sections.
Caterpillar Compact Loaders
This is another great piece of construction equipment. Combining the capabilities of an excavator with a backhoe, it can increase its production when transporting material off-site. Since the loaders are mounted on tracks, they can be easily moved without the need for additional transport. He can be used to load the booty on trucks and throw the earth in different places.
A trencher is construction equipment used to dig ditches where pipes can be laid. There are several models of trenchers: thrust modules, small-sized trenchers or heavy trenchers that can be used to settle pavement of asphalt and other hard surfaces.
The trencher has a transport system that transports the excavated material and places it next to the ditch that has been made. Trenchers can use different digging implements depending on how deep they have to dig and how hard the material is to be cut. The trenchers should be handled with extreme care because they are very dangerous equipment.
A scraper can move soil and aggregates within the site easily and without additional equipment needs. However, they are not intended to be used at all construction sites. This type of heavy equipment is used in large open areas when they can run at higher speeds and facilitate cutting and filling activities.
Dump trucks are needed in almost all sites and are considered heavy construction equipment. There are multiple sizes and variations to move your cargo easily and effectively. Conventional or off-highway dump trucks are used in almost all construction projects.
Other Construction Equipment
There are many other heavy machinery such as cranes, rollers, telescopic handlers, forklifts and many others that can be used on the construction site. Each construction site should be analyzed to ensure that the correct heavy equipment is used and that its operation is maximized.